James Gibson writes: “The very ideas of ‘guild socialism’ and ‘distributism’ have been rarely advocated since the early 20th century, yet the case for equality and common ownership is stronger than ever. Perhaps the marginalisation of guild socialists is a product of the global polarisation that has made us forget about the fundamental power of economic co-operation? We have always been presented a choice between Keynesianism and neoliberalism, state intervention or untamed markets. Put simply, both Keynesian policy and laissez-faire capitalism have failed to create working economies for ordinary people – we need a radical alternative.
We need a brand of socialism that brings trade unions and worker co-operatives to the forefront of decision making and governance. Instead of centralisation and bureaucracy, we need power (and funds) being given to local democratic bodies. Similar to the system in Switzerland, Britain needs to become more accustomed to the ideas of technocracy and direct democracy; real power in the hands of ordinary citizens.
Putting an emphasis on co-ops and tradesmen guilds, a Labour economy would need to bring democracy into the workplace. The current regulations on safety and working conditions should be expanded to encompass the democratic right of every employee to have a say in the decisions going on in their workplace. Everybody supports democracy in government, but why not in the economy as well? It has taken us hundreds of years to finally win universal suffrage, but economic inequality has meant that power is still denied to the vast majority of people.
The strength of the collective model is testified by the continued success of the John Lewis Partnership and Co-operative Group as two of the leading retail brands here in the UK. While Mondragon, a worker co-op in Spain, might have suffered some hits recently, it has been one of the Basque region’s leading companies for decades. Surely it is obvious that we should be promoting the ethical and collective model of industry over the top-down and exploitative model? Unlike most businesses, co-ops aren’t governed by the actions of stock brokers, and aren’t forced to suppress employee wages for the benefit of shareholders. In fact, the co-operative model is the only one in which sustainability can be more important than pure profit.
It is very important to draw a sharp contrast between socialist democracy and David Cameron’s Big Society. The Tory government has proposed that state services should be put in the hands of local charitable providers – but instead of funding these local organisations, this government has simply handed over its responsibility. The current flavour of local democracy is very much a cost-saving mechanism for central government; this also needs to change. Localised governments or collectives cannot start ignoring their obligation to help the vulnerable and disadvantaged, even if they are promised greater autonomy.
The Labour Party needs to lay down the case for a new type of society – one that is based on collective action and responsibility. The spirit and energy of Old Labour need to be channelled into building a fresh socialist platform for the country to get behind. Yes, this would mean retaining the link with the trade unions, or even making it stronger. It would also mean bringing rank-and-file members to the epicentre of policy making. As the CLPD (Campaign for Labour Party Democracy) have put into question, how can a party that is internally undemocratic claim to be a supporter of national democracy?
Electorally, there are huge potential gains for any party that adopts a radical manifesto. Polls and surveys of all natures suggest that political indifference between Britain’s largest parties is the driving force behind the current crisis of political apathy. If Labour can create a radical agenda for the country to unite behind, the goal of mass-membership would become undoubtedly more achievable – especially if the party can reconnect with grassroots activists and campaigners.
A Labour majority in 2015 can only be guaranteed with a radical manifesto. The cost of living crisis is being intensified by the exploitation of employees through zero hour contracts and agency work, but the crisis doesn’t look to get any better without a radical transformation of the British economy.
2014 is the year of policy for Labour; will this country continue to suffer under Tory-lite austerity measures? Or, can we transform our economy and win the race to the top?” (http://www.leftfutures.org/2014/02/labour-needs-to-design-a-co-operative-democratic-economy/) See also John Anderson’s revealing piece on LabourList highlighting the baseless attacks the co-operative movement currently faces- (http://labourlist.org/2014/02/our-movements-other-link-is-being-broken/)